Really, one can only spread the word
A few weeks ago, bestselling thriller writer Douglas Preston went to Italy on vacation with his family. The trip served an additional purpose, as he was also visiting Mario Spezi, a former crime beat reporter with La Nazione who was collaborating with Preston on a book on The Monster of Florence — the serial killer who terrorized the city between 1968 and 1985 and who has never been conclusively identified despite trials vaguely approximating a circus-like atmosphere and theories that involve satanic cults and deeply embedded conspiracies. The case not only attracted Thomas Harris to the 1992 trial of Pietro Pacciani — who was later let go because of a dearth of evidence — but also Magdalen Nabb, who wrote a fictionalized account placing her series character, Marshal Guarnaccia, at the forefront of a reopened investigation.
I bring all this up because Preston and Spezi’s collaboration ultimately led to Preston being detained last month by Italian police on suspicion of aiding and abetting a murder, and to Spezi’s reputation and career being put in serious danger. The crux of the problem is Spezi’s belief that the case — the most expensive in Italy’s history — has been phenomenally bungled, which he’s said so publicly, on national television and in print.
Though I’ve only done cursory reading, considering there’s some superficial resemblance between Il Mostro’s MO and that of the Zodiac, the suggestions that the crimes were committed by “a group of killers hired by an ancient Satanic sect dating back to the Middle Ages, with a membership consisting of decadent Florentine noblemen, doctors,
professors, and high officials, needed female sex organs as offerings
for the Devil in black masses,” as Preston put it in an email to me yesterday afternoon, is rather ridiculous.
And unfortunately, Italian police and government has a history of treating journalists and politicos in appalling fashion — just ask Massimo Carlotto.
Preston’s full statement, which has made the rounds of other blogs, appears after the jump.
For the past five years, I have been working with an Italian journalist, Mario Spezi, on a book about the case of a serial killer known as the Monster of Florence, who murdered fourteen people in the hills of Florence from 1974 to 1985. The Monster has never been caught and the case is still
open. It has become the longest-running and most expensive criminal
investigation in modern Italian history. Our book, which will be published in
Italian in Italy in April and later in America in English, faults the investigation and specifically criticizes the chief Examining Magistrate of Perugia, Giuliano Mignini, and the chief prosecutor, Michele Giuttari, who are in charge of one branch of the investigation.
I went to Italy on Feb. 14 with my family on vacation and to do some work with Spezi on the book. I was taken into custody by the police on Feb. 22. I was brought before Giuliano
Mignini. There I was aggressively interrogated for three hours by him and three
police detectives. I was asked about my relationship with Spezi and questioned
in great detail about our journalistic activities, our theories, thoughts, and
beliefs in the case. When I explained that my activities as an investigative
journalist were privileged, Mignini shouted that this wasn’t about freedom of
the press, but was about a criminal matter of the “utmost
seriousness,” and that if I didn’t answer the questions fully I would be
arrested and charged with perjury. I was forced to answer the questions under
the threat of arrest — which I did.
Mignini then proceeded to play
back telephone conversations I had had with Spezi, which they had wiretapped.He
played the same passages again and again, demanding to know what we were
“really” talking about, demanding that I explain the “real
meaning” behind every casual word we had exchanged. They had also recorded
conversations we had had in Spezi’s car, which had been broken into and
bugged–Spezi found the bug yesterday. When I asked if I was being accused of a
crime, Mignini said he believed I had committed not one but several serious
felonies–to whit: planting evidence to frame an innocent man, obstruction of
justice, and being an accessory to murder — all utterly false accusations.
Despite answering their
questions fully and truthfully, in the end they charged me with
“reticenza” and “false testimonianze” — two serious crimes
of perjury — but said the charges wold be suspended to allow me to leave Italy, to be
reinstated later. In other words, it seems their goal was to get me out of Italy — never
The timing of this is not
surprising. Our book will be published on April 19. The police had earlier
obtained a draft of the book which they had seized in a search of Spezi’s
apartment, and so Mignini and Giuttari know well what we have written about
him. This was a naked attempt to use the power of the state to intimidate and
silence two journalists, and it may be a prelude to a legal action in Italyto block
publication of the book.
After the interrogation, the
police raided Spezi’s apartment (for a third time–he’d been raided twice
before) and took away many documents. They also broke into Spezi’s car and
planted a microphone, which he later found. Following that, the police
apparently leaked details of their investigation to the press, and articles in
Corriere della Sera, La Nazione, and Il Giornale, about my interrogation and
the search and seizure of Spezi’s papers. The police also leaked out the
information that Spezi was suspected of involvement in several murders and that
he may be connected to the Satanic sect which the police believe was behind the
Monster of Florence serial killings.
We desperately need to publicize
this attack on journalistic freedom. I’m back in America and safe, but Spezi is at
grave risk. His financial health, his career, and his very freedom, are at
risk. Yesterday he wrote to me: Io sono molto depresso, per
avere fatto il nostro dovere, mi ritrovo in questa situazione. "It is very depressing that, for having done my duty
as a journalist, I find myself in this situation."
— something must be done as soon as possible. Anyone wishing more information
about the case may contact me at dpreston AT tidewater DOT net.
Some background on myself — I’m a journalist who writes for the New Yorker magazine, and I’ve published fourteen books and won numerous
awards. I’m on the board of the Author’s Guild. I mention these details only to
establish my credentials. In my entire journalistic career I have not experienced
the kind of abuse of prosecutorial power as I witnessed in Italy.